Hsiang-Shui Chen's profiles of immigrants from Taiwan to New York show a general pattern of nonassimilation.

Norman Matloff argues that at least the immigrants' children assimilate.

Alejandro Portes and Min Zhou, on the other hand, question whether it is even desirable for immigrant children to assimilate. The authors believe that many immigrant children are placed into negative American subcultures, and thus may be better off not assimilating. The authors also note that rather few of the immigrant children refer to themselves as non-hyphenated "Americans," with, for example, most children of Cuban immigrants referring to themselves as "Cuban" or "Cuban American."